To review: gross income is money coming in the door before expenses are accounted for.
Net income is what’s left after expenses. If you spent more than you took in, you have a net loss.
For businesses with inventory, there’s actually a “middle” step involved in the calculation of net income or net loss. The formula in that case is: gross income – cost of goods sold = gross profit. Gross profit – expenses = net income or loss.
You’ll sometimes see net income referred to as “net profit” instead.
For more glossary terms, check out the extensive Glossary section on this website.